Involving in the development of the economy without depleting the natural resources is what is known as sustainable development. It is based on meeting human-oriented goals for development along with preserving the resources for future generations while using the minimum amount of resources. It can be said that sustainable development meets the needs of not only the present but also conserves it for the future. Sustainable Development is done to bring about a balance in nature and meet up to the demands of the rising population effectively and also being able to expand the idea for future generations. That is only possible if the example of what now would become history later passes on to the future.
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The modern concept of sustainable development was founded in 1987 once it was realized that the world is in an emergency after the world war due to the excessive depletion of resources. The urgency to save the resources was determined which stated that somewhere in the short-long run which is the next forty to fifty years, the resources required to satisfy human needs would eventually diminish and cause severe harm to the living population and the one to come in the further years too. The term sustainable development explains the idea of simply sustaining- the resources, as well as a better future. Here are a few ideas that emboss the idea of sustainable development:
Reasons that led to Sustainable Development
Reasons that led to Sustainable Development : Pollution
Pollution not surprisingly has to be the first aspect. However, pollution is a large category that poses a major hindrance to sustainable development. There are various types of pollution too. Hopefully, sustainable development overcomes those hurdles to reduce the major reason to animals, people, more so the entire environment being unhealthy all at once. Air pollution, noise pollution, and water pollution are the most common pollutions, but what has started becoming a cause of concern has become space pollution, light pollution and various other minute categories that have started stepping into the bigger picture. Carbon emission from factories, smoke from cars, burning of firecrackers, air conditioning spread into the environment and deplete the ozone layer that is a part of our natural resource since it helps in our survival by stopping the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun from entering or hitting the surface of the earth. Depletion of ozone leads to symptoms and diseases like skin cancer, acidic rain, excessive global warming, greenhouse effects, to name a few. Water pollution- dumping garbage and excessive amounts of plastic in water bodies like seas, rivers, oceans, valleys, lakes, etc. lead to effects in harming the life under the seas and disturbing the balance of nature once their population starts excessively depleting. Not only that, it is immense exploitation of the most important resource on the planet- which is water. Dumping garbage excessively damages water now to a point where it becomes difficult to clean it; sea animals are found dead with plastic in their stomachs. But these are pretty well-known examples. However, water pollution also includes wastage of resources. Wasting excessive amounts of water has now lead to the world seeing the crisis that is taking place in Chennai, a city in India and Yemen. To avoid pollution, one should always start by making use of recyclable and biodegradable products. Using cars that run with biodegradable gases and ban the usage of excessive firecrackers too.
Reasons that led to Sustainable Development : Deforestation
Trees not only are the habitat and livelihood for wild animals and birds, but they also are the source to the oxygen we require, building material, firewood accessories and items that have now become a daily part of our needs. However, when it comes to fulfilling them, the human population does not understand the need to conserve or preserve. To satisfy the wants of the human, trees are being felled to massive extents. At times trees are simply felled to build property to empty plots of lands, e.g. the Aarey Milk Colony case where the builders are going to fell a large number of trees in around a week. The solution given by sustainable development is reforestation. The idea of planting at least three saplings for every one tree felled. This generates the idea that at least one tree might grow out of the tree saplings, hence, not leading to any loss.
Reasons that led to Sustainable Development : Water Harvesting
Considering the fact that due to water pollution and wastage of water, the resource has been leading to severe crisis and droughts, sustainable development gives a great example and idea of water harvesting. This includes different methods like rainwater harvesting, roof-water harvesting, dug wells, trenches, etc. The simplest way is storing the water that pours during rains into drums and using it for household purposes, which makes one use the water coming through taps or pipes less, eventually conserving it. Another method is roof-water harvesting. This can be done in hilly areas or parts where there is a massive downpour of rains frequently because in such areas the houses are designed with sloping roofs where all the water tends to slide off of it. When the water is sliding off the roof, drums or buckets can be placed under it to preserve the water and not let it fall off. Dug wells are simply building a massive pit in the ground that stores a lot of water when the rain pours, in turn preserving it. Trenches are constructed when the pits cannot be dug deeper and are only available at shallow depths. These small dugs up holes are constructed in straight lines which then pour out to a source that collects all the water.
Reasons that led to Sustainable Development : Soil Erosion
Soil erosion has become one of the significant causes of deforestation. Lack of soil and its depth can lead to trees not getting enough support to stand, and they start felling eventually by not having a strong base. This leads to the consequences that have been explained above. It can also happen by excessive cattle grazing. The most common and simple ways to prevent it are step farming, control of cattle grazing, reforestation. Step farming includes carving steps on hilly areas so that when there is excessive rainfall, the soil does now flow away with the water. It sticks on the step or stops on some step or the other retracting to the flow of water. Cattle grazing should not be limited to a specific patch of land. They should be shifted to different spots wherein overgrazing does not become an issue. Reforestation, as explained above, includes planting at least three saplings for each tree felled, this involves the increment in the availability of trees, and hence the roots can hold the soil firmly in its place.
Hence, these were a few concepts that support the idea of sustainable development.
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