Round Revolution in India

Round revolution is adopted to increase in production of Potato. Round revolution is aimed to make the potato production doubled or tripled. Potatoes, scientifically named as Solanum tubersum are starchy tuberous crops which have been the native food of America. Considering the flexibility of vegetables wherein it can be made into several mouth-watering dishes in different cuisines, potatoes have widely been consumed throughout the globe. Due to the high rise in demand and excessive consumption, the potatoes started becoming cost-effective and further increased the purchases of the potatoes. Apart from that, the agricultural production of this widely consumed crop benefited the farmers immensely and further encouraged the increment in its quality and quantity as well. Potatoes also listed several health benefits and are considered to be one of the safest foods all over, making it another plus point. Being enriched with a good lot of qualities, the necessity of potatoes showed a massive rise in India in the 1980s.

Round Revolution in India

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Due to the poverty being on a high rise in India after the colonization it underwent for around two hundred years, India was robbed of all its riches, and the levels of affordability dropped where the people of India were not able to trade internationally or step into competition without facing significant losses or crisis. Considering the face of India was still new to the idea of not only democracy but also globalization since it spent more than four hundred years under the monarchy, it did not know how to make its stand in the market. Since previously there were stringent rules when it came to international trades and India was still learning how to make the use of currency locally, it became very difficult to compete with other countries and be able to earn more profits and customers. It was not until the rules were changed and liberalisation of trade was introduced that India stepped into international markets and started learning the needful process to intermingle and adhere to the necessities of globalization where the world started getting termed as a melting pot, salad bowl or global village where all the cultures of the world mixed into one another equally and completed the barter of their products.
However, because India was new, and now drained of its resources and money, after once being one of the wealthiest countries in the world, was not able to flourish or move forward.

Due to these crises and to accommodate the food necessities of the overall population of the country, it needed one specific crop that was affordable, healthy, and liked by the people as well. This is when the government of India took a step forward and recognized the importance of potatoes as a widely consumed type of vegetable and took steps to increase its yield throughout the country. This further came to be known as the Round Revolution in India. The name was given per se due to the shape of the vegetable, which is round. Potatoes are considered to be the staple food of India, and the massive consumption made it affordable for the people who lived below the poverty line as well. This encouraged the farmers to extend potatoes more than just subsidiary crops. Subsidiary crops are types of crops that are grown by the farmers to provide food for their personal use and families. Most of the time, subsidiary farming includes mixed vegetation or strip cropping where different types of vegetables and crops are grown in order to accommodate varieties of food since the consumption for a family is not very high. In this case, the plants that were highly likely to be sown were potatoes considering the financial capacities of the farmer. This provoked the idea of mass production of the round crops because it was welcomed by all three strata of the society- the rich, the middle class, and the poor.

Hence, the farmers started producing more of potato crops than the other crops that they used to sow in areas of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.

After looking into the initial stages and benefits of the round revolution the Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) it started with experiments and research in Shimla on the 1st of April 1935 condoning to the orders of the Imperial Agriculture Institute which gave them the results that there was a rise in the economic consumption and profits in the production of potatoes. The fact that farmers started gaining good amounts of profits encouraged them to stick to their decisions.
After this, the areas of distribution were officially divided and sustained in the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and the southern states of India where potatoes were a staple food.
When the Round Revolution started flourishing the quality of the potatoes was looked into for faster growth and production and the Central Potato Research Institute started examining the seeds in order to look into the best seeds that could be used to grow potatoes in an easy and affordable manner. The required type and quality of the soil were checked, too, and the changes were made accordingly. The right kind of potato seeds was developed by Ramanujan who proved that potato seeds that weigh 100 grams-150 grams/ha in the nursery during its developmental stage were sufficient to lead to good produce.

As a result, the production of potatoes increased to such an extent that the great quality and quantity of the potatoes made it sufficient for India to export these vegetables beyond national borders. Considering the demands of potatoes was high in the western countries due to a high intake of foodstuffs like French fries and potato chips, the trade was warmly welcomed in those parts of the world as well. This shot up the economy of India and made trades easier, reducing the need for competition in other aspects of import and exports. This was when India started participating well in international trades as well, making the white revolution a plus.
This instant change in the production of dairy and crops were named as the round revolution and white revolution respectively that contributed to a massive boost in the economy of India making it flourish well, and finally setting its foot in the global market.

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