Silver revolution is a spectacular increase in the production of eggs or poultry farming. It was achieved through hybrid cocks and hens and through medical applied science and other facilities that promote it. The father of silver revolution is known to be the former Prime Minister Ms Indira Gandhi. She was the one who started this revolution in the country. Rajasthan is the leading silver products producing state in India. Silver Revolution was achieved with the help of Government policies and private sector companies like Venkys, Suguna, Veterinarians/scientist that works for poultry farming and innovative poultry farming techniques in India. Although Late Smt. Indira Gandhi developed the idea of transforming India to produce eggs and other poultry farm product for own use to commercial use yet the man behind period this revolution was none other than Late Dr BV RAO -the founder of Venkys. He is often referred to as the father of the poultry industry in India because of his significant contribution to this industry. Later on, many companies joined their hands and revolutionized this sector by resulting in the world’s most potential poultry farming industry that not only increased its production but also generated employment of more than 65 lakh people. It contributed to about 1 per cent of India’s GDP. Because of Silver Revolution, this sector is no more backward in the country but more of retail and commercial industry.
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Poultry farming includes rearing and growing farm animals like chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and few other subcategories of animal husbandry for poultry farming, meat or eggs for food. It can easily provide additional income and job opportunities with very small capital in a pretty short time since the most important input is fodder only. Mostly factory farming techniques were used for poultry.
Other methods of poultry farming have led to long term consumer ethical issues. Few believe that factory farming leads to animal abuses while the supporters of factory farming believe that it increases productivity and also protects the environment. Factory farming is an unsustainable method of raising and growing food animals like chicken that concentrates large numbers of animals into confined spaces.
It is important to note that India’s poultry farm production is concentrated in certain parts of the country with 42% of the total population of poultry being in the Southern region, 22% in the Eastern Region and 20% in Western Region and only about 16% in the Northern area. Eighty-nine per cent of country’s total poultry egg production is from 59 per cent of hybrid and scientifically produced farm animals. Even though the funds allocated to the development of poultry farming is minimal yet this sector of agriculture has shown significant and spectacular growth in terms of productivity and the production itself. The statistics records and data clearly show that there are only a few states that have shown development, and in many other states this sector is not even visible. The states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Haryana are the only states with significant poultry farm and egg production. In about 25 years, the production of eggs has gone up to 90 billion from few millions and the production of broiler (chicken breed) has gone to 4.8 million tonnes from actually nowhere. Poultry being the most organised sector in animal agriculture is worth one lakh crore.
India has also doubled its meat production in the last few decades. One more reason for the increase in production of poultry farm along with significant government policies is the increase in the production of maize, which is an animal fodder. The production of maize is constantly increasing, leading to the growth of poultry farming.
Poultry farming was very old in India yet not significant in terms of produce and therefore the need to do poultry farming for commercial purposes rises. The Central Poultry Development Organisation has been playing an essential role in this by helping the government in the implementation and execution of policies related to poultry. Recently, this organization restructures its all units of poultry to focus on those hybrid birds which lay the most eggs and is also price efficient. This organization is also given the responsibility of producing germplasm for old chicken for various varieties like Nierbheek, Hitkari, Vanaraja, Shyama, Chabro, etc. This organization is also responsible for analyzing feed for animals, which is vital because animal feed affects their productivity. During the tenth year plan a new scheme called Assistance to State Poultry which is a centrally sponsored program is made to strengthen the farms in terms of hatching, brooding, and rearing of birds with provision for feed mill and their quality. It also provides one-time assistance for monitoring and in-house disease diagnostic facilities. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) was made the nodal agency for implementation of a new scheme which was launched during 2004-05, which provides provision to grant subsidy on interest payment. This scheme is called Dairy/Poultry Venture Capital Fund. NABARD is nationalized the commercial bank.
Poultry farming provides farmers with natural manure and can easily replace chemical fertilizers which are not for human health and other biotic and abiotic factors.
India has a lot of manpower which needs to be utilized. India’s large amount of population is indulged in different sectors of agriculture, and this sector is an overburden. The silver revolution helped in solving this problem by generating employment in poultry farming and hence agricultural industry. Simply putting this revolution led to economic growth and development of the country by affecting growth determining economic factors like decrease in unemployment, increase in total production whose economic term is GDP, increase in total income and per capita income of the country.
In all these years due to constant efforts of government and farmers, India is now even exporting eggs to the world and is now the third largest producer of poultry product in the world (after USA and China). Let us all try to promote poultry farming and help India to maintain its position in poultry product production.
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