The economic growth of a country stems from the quality of its manpower. Good education ensures a better quality of life. But what are the Issues in the Indian Education Sector?
India is a developing country. With the increasing living standards of the general populace, quality education is growing in demand, and hence the education sector is blooming.
Education policies are prepared and looked after by the Central Government and State governments at their respective levels. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) prepares the matters related to curriculum in school education.
The number of school going students in India is over 250 million. This is more than any other country in the world. There are more than 1.5 million schools in India. In January 2019, over 900 universities and 40000 colleges were recorded in India. India follows a pattern of 10+2+3 in education. A specific amount of seats in various government institutions are reserved for SC, ST, and OBCs.
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According to the 2016 Annual Survey of Education Report, 3.5% of schools had no toilet facilities whereas only 68.7% of schools had usable toilet facilities. The percentage of separate girl’s toilet has increased from 32.9% (2010) to 61.9% (2016).
What are the Issues in the Indian Education Sector? The education system is the biggest issue in the education sector. There are so many schools and so many students, yet the quality of Education is very low. In many villages, there is only a single teacher in schools for all the subjects. In many parts of the country, there are no schools and no education. The student to teacher ratio is very high. Quality teachers should be recruited in good numbers to reduce the ratio and increase the quality of Education.
Many times the pay scale for teachers in schools is not good, which is also a reason why teachers prefer providing private tuitions or joining coaching classes as teachers.
The condition of government schools is deplorable. The quality of Education in government schools is laughable when compared to private schools. The lack of funds is a major problem that hinders the development of Education. Because of Insufficient funds, many institutions fall short of infrastructure and other necessary facilities like science equipment. Government school buildings are in poor shape. The lack of technological methods of teaching is also a big hurdle in the way of development of Education. Right to Education was inserted in article 21-A of the constitution of India in 2002. According to its free and compulsory Education is given to children under the age of 14 by the Central and state governments. Midday meal schemes have also been introduced to provide healthy and nutritious food for free to the children. Parents that are above the poverty line prefer to send their children to public schools because of the presence of better facilities and a better quality of Education.
One of the major problems faced by the Indian education system is the negligence of the underprivileged towards Education. This is also one of the main Issues in the Indian Education Sector. The illiteracy rate in many states is very high in India. In many rural areas, children are not sent to school but rather are preferred to help the family in earning bread. This negligence by the parents is also a major factor why the illiteracy rate in India is very high. Lack of facilities and improper management of funds has been a significant obstacle in the development of education system in India.
The dropout rate of students is very high. This is because the youth believe in making quick money and tend to neglect the long term investment that is Education. The cost of Education in government schools is almost free, but even then there is a tremendous dropout rate of students. Even after introducing schemes like RTE (Right to Education) and midday meal, the negligence towards Education remains an issue. Most of the times, students in remote village areas only come to the school for free food.
The Indian education system is based on rote learning, which is killing the creativity of the students. Rather than being knowledge-based, Education is information based. The sole focus is on blatantly learning facts rather than questioning them or analyzing them. The absence of related industries is also a reason that students are unable to find jobs after graduation. Marks are given more preference over knowledge. Parents often compare their child to other children, which imbibes a complex feeling inside the child. Such feelings often lead to psychological imbalance and contribute to depression.
The education system in India is at fault. The value for knowledge is less than grades. The education system isn’t practical, which makes the students unfit for jobs. Other than providing textbook knowledge, the system does not provide the students with any special skills or encourage personality development. The current education system is only creating flocks of sheep which are blindly following whatever is taught and have no opinion of their own. The competition to get into a good institution has spread like an epidemic. This is because universities only consider grades for admitting students.
The cost of higher Education in private institutions has skyrocketed, which is also a reason for a low number of students opting for Higher Education. The increment in competition has popularized the trend of coaching centers, which is a burden on the pockets of parents. Coaching classes are also a reason for the neglect of school education. Many parents enroll their children into coaching institutes after the completion of their 10th to prepare them for the engineering or medical entrance exams.
Corruption in the education system is dissolving the quality of Education. Donations and bribery secure seats in institutions which is unfair to the academically talented but financially inept students. Seats and degrees are bought like commodities through money and power.
India’s current education system is accountable for it’s on top of the list when considering high poverty rates. To eradicate poverty, the government should use its resources wisely and more effectively. Providing quality education in the country should be the utmost priority. This can be achieved by recruiting highly eligible teachers and investing in improving the infrastructure and facilities of the institutions.
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